Anderson B, Blinder S. 2011 Who Counts as a Migrant? Definitions and their Consequences. The Migration Observatory, University of Oxford
Betancourt et al. Defining cultural competence: a practical framework for addressing racial / ethnic disparities in health and health care . Public Health Reports 2003;118:293-302. whitepaper. 2011 Language Line Services USA.
European Migration Network (2011) Key EU MigratoryStatistics, July 2011
European Union Fundamental Rights Agency (2011) Migrants in an irregular situation: access to healthcare in 10 European Union Member States, Luxembourg
Eurostat (2011a) online data code migr_asyctzandmigr_asyappctza
Eurostat (2011b) online data code - Asylum and new asylum applicants by citizenship, age and sex: annual aggregated data (migr_asyappctza)
Eurostat (2011b) online data code - Asylum applicants considered to be unaccompanied minors by citizenship, age and sex: Annual data (migr_asyunaa)
Gushulak, B Pace P and Weekers J (2010) Migration and health of migrants In Koller, T (ed) Poverty and Social Exclusion in the WHO European Region: Health Systems Respond, Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe
Papic O, Malak Z, Rosenberg E. Survey of family physicians’ perspectives on management of recent immigrant patients: attitudes, barriers, strategies, and training needs. Patient Educ Couns 2012; 86:205–9.
Vandenheede H, Deboosere P, Stirbu I, Agyemang C et al 2009): Migrant mortality from diabetes mellitus across Europe. European Journal of Epidemiology 2012; 27(2): 109-117
Priebe S, Sandhu S, Dias S, Gaddini A, et al. Good practice in health care for migrants: views and experiences of care professionals in 16 European countries. BMC Public Health 2011, 11:187.
Nielsen SS, Krasnik A. Poorer self-perceived health among migrants and ethnic minorities versus the majority population in Europe: a systematic review. Int J Public Health: 2010;55: 357 -371.
Pyykkönen AJ, Räikkönen K, Tuomi T, Eriksson JG, et al. Stressful Life Events and the Metabolic Syndrome. The Prevalence, Prediction and Prevention of Diabetes (PPP)- Botnia Study Diabetes Care February 2010; 33(2): 378-384
Bodenmann P, Vaucher P, Wolff H, Favrat B, et al. Screening for latent tuberculosis infection among undocumented immigrants in Swiss healthcare centres; a descriptive exploratory study. BMC Infect Dis 2009; 9:34.
Uiters E, Devillé W, Foets M, Spreeuwenberg P, Groenewegen PP. Differences between immigrant and non-immigrant groups in the use of primary medical care; a systematic review. BMC Health Serv Res. 2009; May 11, 9:76.
Schoevers MA, van den Muijsenbergh METC and Lagro-Janssen ALM: Self-reported health problems of female undocumented immigrants. Top of the iceberg. Self-rated health and health problems of undocumented immigrant women in the Netherlands, a descriptive study. Journal of Public Health Policy 2009:30,4: 409-22.
Lanting LC, Joung IM, Vogel I, Bootsma AH, et al. Ethnic differences in outcomes of diabetes care and the role of self-management behavior. Patient.Educ.Couns. 2008a, vol 72:1, 146-154
Schulz AJ, House JS, Israel BA, Mentz G, et al. Relational pathways between socioeconomic position and cardiovascular risk in a multi-ethnic urban sample: complexities and their implications for improving health in economically disadvantaged populations. J Epidemiol Community Health 2008;62:638-646 doi:10.1136/jech.2007.063222
Harmsen JAC, Bernsen RMD.,Bruijnzeels MA, Meeuwesen L. Patients’ evaluation of quality of care in general practice: What are the cultural and linguistic barriers? Patient Education and Counseling 2008; 72:155–162
Andrulis DP, Brach C. Integrating literacy, culture and language to improve health care quality for diverse populations. Am J Health Behav 2007;31;Suppl.1: S122-S133
French CE, Antoine D, Gelb D, Jones JA, et al. Tuberculosis in non-UK-born persons, England and Wales, 2001-2003. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 2007; 11(5):577-584.
Beach MC et al. Improving health care quality for racial / ethnic minorities: systemic review of the best evidence regarding provider and organization interventions. BMC Public Health 2006;6:104.
Scheppers E, van Dongen E, Dekker J, Geertzen J, Dekker J. Potential barriers to the use of health services among ethnic minorities: a review. Family Practice 2006; 23(3):325-348.
Campbell JL, Ramsay J, Green J. Age, gender, socioeconomic, and ethnic differences in patients' assessments of primary health care. Qual Health Care 2001;10:90-95.
Links to relevant national initiatives
The Dutch website for GP’s with information on ethnic and cultural aspects of diseases and illness, and with patient education materials:
UK site with information on ethnic and cultural aspects of diseases and illness
Site of the European research project Restore, on bridging language and cultural barriers in primary care.